William Heath

William Heath

William Heath

Birth : (1737-03-02)March 2, 1737

Death : January 24, 1814(1814-01-24)(aged 76) Roxbury, Massachusetts

Personal Information

Name William Heath
Birth (1737-03-02)March 2, 1737
Birth Place
Death (1814-01-24)(aged 76) Roxbury, Massachusetts
Died At Roxbury, Massachusetts

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Events Occured in Scienctist Life


William Heath (March 2, 1737 – January 24, 1814) was an American farmer, soldier, and political leader from Massachusetts who served as a major general in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War.


He was born on a farm that had been settled in 1636 by his ancestors.


He became active in the militia, and was a captain of the Roxbury Company of the Suffolk County militia regiment in 1760.


By 1770 he was the regiment's colonel and its commanding officer.


In 1765 he was elected as a member of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of Massachusetts and was elected as the Company's lieutenant in 1768 and as its captain in 1770.In December 1774 the revolutionary government in Massachusetts commissioned him as a brigadier general.


He commanded Massachusetts forces during the last stage of the Battle of Lexington and Concord in April 1775.


In 1776 Heath participated in the defense of New York City, and was one of those who urged General Washington not to abandon the city.


In August 1776 he was promoted to major general in the Continental Army, but Washington had doubts about Heath's abilities and posted him where no action was expected.


In January 1777, Washington instructed Heath to attack Fort Independence in New York in support of Washington's actions at Trenton and Princeton, but Heath's attack was botched and his troops were routed.


In 1780 he returned to command the Highland Department after Benedict Arnold’s treason.


After the war, Heath was a member of the Massachusetts Convention that ratified the United States Constitution in 1788.


He served in the Massachusetts Senate from 1791 to 1792, and as a probate court judge.


In 1806 he was elected the Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts, but declined the office.