Walter Gilbert

Walter Gilbert

Walter Gilbert

Birth : (1932-03-21)March 21, 1932(age 88) Boston,Massachusetts, United States

Personal Information

Name Walter Gilbert
Birth (1932-03-21)March 21, 1932(age 88) Boston,Massachusetts, United States
Birth Place (age 88) Boston,Massachusetts, United States
Nationality U.S.
Fields Biochemistry,Physics
Institution Harvard University)
Thesis On generalised dispersion relations and meson-nucleon scattering(1958)
Doctoral Advisor Abdus Salam

Word Cloud

Events Occured in Scienctist Life

1932

Walter Gilbert (born March 21, 1932) is an American biochemist, physicist, molecular biology pioneer, and Nobel laureate.

1932

Walter Gilbert was born in Boston, Massachusetts, on March 21, 1932, the son of Emma (Cohen), a child psychologist, and Richard V. Gilbert, an economist.

1953

They later married at age 21.He was educated at the Sidwell Friends School, and attended Harvard University for undergraduate and graduate studies, earning a baccalaureate in chemistry and physics in 1953 and a master's degree in physics in 1954.

1957

He studied for his doctorate at the University of Cambridge, where he earned a Ph.D. in physics supervised by the Nobel laureate Abdus Salam in 1957.

1956

Career and research Gilbert returned to Harvard in 1956 and was appointed assistant professor of physics in 1959.

1960

Watson and Gilbert ran their laboratory jointly through most of the 1960s, until Watson left for Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory.

1964

In 1964 he was promoted to associate professor of biophysics and promoted again in 1968 to professor of biochemistry.

1996

In 1996, Gilbert and Stuart B. Levy founded Paratek Pharmaceuticals.

1986

At a March 1986 meeting in Santa Fe New Mexico he proclaimed "The total human sequence is the grail of human genetics".

1987

In 1987, he proposed starting a company called Genome Corporation to sequence the genome and sell access to the information.

1991

In an opinion piece in Nature in 1991, he envisioned completion of the human genome sequence transforming biology into a field in which computer databases would be as essential as laboratory reagentsGilbert returned to Harvard in 1985.

1962

In 1962, Gilbert's Ph.D. student in physics Gerald Guralnik extended Gilbert's work on massless particles; Guralnik's work on is widely recognized as an important thread in the discovery of the Higgs Boson.

1978

Gilbert first proposed the existence of introns and exons and explained the evolution of introns in a seminal 1978 "News and Views" paper published in Nature.

1986

In 1986, Gilbert proposed the RNA world hypothesis for the origin of life, based on a concept first proposed by Carl Woese in 1967.

1969

In 1969, Gilbert was awarded Harvard's Ledlie Prize.

1972

In 1972 he was named American Cancer Society Professor of Molecular Biology.

1979

In 1979, Gilbert was awarded the Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize from Columbia University together with Frederick Sanger.

1980

Gilbert was awarded the 1980 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, shared with Frederick Sanger and Paul Berg.

1968

Gilbert has also been honored by the National Academy of Sciences (US Steel Foundation Award, 1968)

1987

Gilbert was elected a Foreign Member of the Royal Society (ForMemRS) in 1987.In 2002, he received the Biotechnology Heritage Award, from the Biotechnology Industry Organization (BIO) and the Chemical Heritage Foundation.

1977

Allan Maxam and Walter Gilbert's 1977 paper "A new method for sequencing DNA" was honored by a Citation for Chemical Breakthrough Award from the Division of History of Chemistry of the American Chemical Society for 2017.

1953

Gilbert married Celia Stone, the daughter of I. F. Stone, in 1953 and has two children.

2001

After retiring from Harvard in 2001, Gilbert has launched an artistic career to combine art and science.