Pehr Forsskål

Pehr Forsskål

Pehr Forsskål

Birth : 11 January 1732 Helsinki,Uusimaa,Finland

Death : 11 July 1763(1763-07-11)(aged 31) Yarim,Yemen

Personal Information

Name Pehr Forsskål
Birth 11 January 1732 Helsinki,Uusimaa,Finland
Birth Place Helsinki,Uusimaa,Finland
Death (1763-07-11)(aged 31) Yarim,Yemen
Died At Yarim,Yemen
Nationality Swedish
Fields exploration,orientalismandnatural history

Word Cloud

Events Occured in Scienctist Life


Peter Forsskål, sometimes spelled Pehr Forsskål, Peter Forskaol, Petrus Forskål or Pehr Forsskåhl (11 January 1732 – 11 July 1763) was a Swedish-speaking Finnish explorer, orientalist, naturalist, and an apostle of Carl Linnaeus.


As was common at the time, he enrolled at Uppsala University at a young age in 1742, but returned home for some time and, after studies on his own, rematriculated in Uppsala in 1751, where he completed a theological degree the same year.


Linnaeus's disciple In Uppsala Forsskål was one of the students of Linnaeus, but apparently also studied with the orientalist Carl Aurivillius, whose contacts with the Göttingen orientalist Johann David Michaelis are probably the reason why Forsskål travelled to the University of Göttingen in 1753; he studied Oriental languages and Philosophy and completed a doctorate there with a dissertation entitled Dubia de principiis philosophiae recentioris (1756).


Returning to Uppsala in 1756, he wanted to pursue studies in Economics.


On Michaelis's recommendation, and with Linnaeus's approval, Forsskål the next year (1760) was appointed by Frederick V of Denmark to join, amongst others, the orientalist and mathematician Carsten Niebuhr on an expedition to Arabia.


Just 31 years old, Forsskål worked hard on collecting botanical and zoological specimens, but fell ill with malaria and died in July 1763.


The entire journey of this Danish expedition was the subject of Thorkild Hansen's first book, Det lykkelige Arabien (1962, translated into English as Arabia Felix).


In his pamphlet, Thoughts on Civil Liberty (1759), Forsskål argues the case for civil liberties of the kind people in modern democracies – regrettably – take for granted.


But only seven years later, in 1766, freedom of the press was given protection in Swedish constitutional law -- the first such legislation in world history.


In publications issued during Peter's lifetime the spelling Forsskål was used, including in his dissertation issued in 1756 in Göttingen.


Consisting of material already published in the two books in 1775.


Book Icones rerum naturalium quas in itinere orientali, by Peter Forskål, year 1776, in Latin. Biography of Forsskål with links to other web sites on him, and includes how he used Arabic names for species names.