Paul Bartsch

Paul Bartsch

Paul Bartsch

Birth : (1871-08-14)14 August 1871 Tuntschendorf,Silesia,German Empire

Death : 24 April 1960(1960-04-24)(agedĀ 88) McLean, Virginia

Personal Information

Name Paul Bartsch
Birth (1871-08-14)14 August 1871 Tuntschendorf,Silesia,German Empire
Birth Place Tuntschendorf,Silesia,German Empire
Death (1960-04-24)(agedĀ 88) McLean, Virginia
Died At McLean, Virginia
Alma Mater University of Iowa
Fields malacology,carcinology
Institution George Washington UniversityandNational Museum of Natural History)
Famous Research invented one of the firstunderwater cameras

Word Cloud

Events Occured in Scienctist Life


Early life Paul Bartsch emigrated with his parents to the U.S.A in 1880, first to Missouri and then to Burlington, Iowa.


By the time he went to the University of Iowa in 1893, he had collected 2,000 skins.


He graduated from the university with a B.S. in 1896, and M.S. in 1899, and PhD in 1905.In 1896 he was invited by William H. Dall to the Smithsonian Institution in Washington to serve as his assistant in the Division of Mollusks.


In 1899 he became an instructor in zoology at the Columbian University (later George Washington University), but declined the next year a full-time professorship as he was more devoted to scientific research.


Bartsch continued teaching zoology until he retired in 1945 with the rank of professor emeritus.


In 1901 Bartsch became lecturer on histology at the Medical School of Howard University.


In October 1932 Eldridge R. Johnson equipped and offered for use his yacht Caroline to the Smithsonian Institution in what was to be known as the Johnson-Smithsonian Deep-Sea Expedition to the Puerto Rico Trench.


Caroline sailed from New York on 21 January 1933 and returned to the Washington Navy Yard on 14 March 1933.


In 1956 he retired from the Smithsonian Institution after more than fifty years of service.


In 1902, he started systematic scientific bird banding, the first to do so in modern times.


In 1914 he became curator at the National Museum of Natural History of the combined divisions of Mollusks and Marine Invertebrates.


He continued in this function until 1945.


As his workload became too heavy, the two divisions were separated again in 1920.Paul Bartsch invented, in 1922, an underwater camera.


He published his first malacological paper, as a junior author together with Dr. Dall, in September 1901:


In 1903 he started the study of the Pyramidellidae, a family of mostly small and minute ectoparasitic sea snails.


In 1905 he was awarded the degree of Doctor of Philosophy at the University of Iowa, with a dissertation based on the Pyramidellidae of the West Coast of America.


Also in 1905 he became assistant curator at the Smithsonian Institution.


Between 1903 and 1907 he published twelve papers on land and freshwater shells, showing his interest in Philippine land snails and in the family Urocoptidae in America.


On 9 October 1907, Bartsch left on expedition with the steamer Albatross in San Francisco to take part in a cruise in Philippine waters and the China Seas collecting specimens of marine and non-marine snails.


Bartsch left after ten months this expedition in Hong Kong and traveled home via Europe, arriving in Washington in October 1908.


In 1909 he published, with W.H. Dall as co-author, his monograph on the West American Pyramidellidae.


This was followed by twelve papers on the same subject between 1910 and 1912.


In 1915 he published, after five years of preparation, his study of South African marine mollusks, initiated by the donation by William H. Turton of his collection in 1906.


In May 1912 he was invited on an expedition with the vessel Anton Dohrn to the Bahamas.


His study and later experiments resulted in 1920 in the publication of the paper Experiments in the Breeding of Cerions, Papers from the Department of Marine Biology, Carnegie Institution of Washington, 14 (282)


Another expedition occurred in May and June 1914 with the schooner Thomas Barrera in the Cuban waters.


In 1916, at the request of the U.S. Navy he started a study of shipworms.


In 1927 he started his study on the large gastropod family Turridae.


Between 1934 and 1950 he wrote eight papers on various genera in this family.


Between 1923 and 1939 he published several papers on intermediate snail hosts of the Asiatic blood fluke Schistosoma japonicum.


Between 1937 and 1941 he studied, jointly with the Cuban malacologist Don Carlos de la Torre, the Cuban land snail fauna.