Henri Milne-Edwards

Henri Milne-Edwards

Henri Milne-Edwards

Birth : (1800-10-23)23 October 1800 Bruges,French First Republic

Death : 29 July 1885(1885-07-29)(aged 84) Paris,French Third Republic

Personal Information

Name Henri Milne-Edwards
Birth (1800-10-23)23 October 1800 Bruges,French First Republic
Birth Place Bruges,French First Republic
Death (1885-07-29)(aged 84) Paris,French Third Republic
Died At Paris,French Third Republic
Nationality French
Alma Mater University of Paris
Fields Zoology

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Events Occured in Scienctist Life


At first he turned his attention to medicine, in which he graduated as an MD at Paris in 1823.


It embodied the results of two dredging expeditions undertaken by him and his friend Audouin during 1826 and 1828 in the neighbourhood of Granville, and was remarkable for clearly distinguishing the marine fauna of that portion of the French coast into four zones.


Also in 1829, working in the scientific field of herpetology, he described and named five new species of lizards.


He became professor of hygiene and natural history in 1832 at the Collège Central des Arts et Manufactures.


In 1841, after the death of Audouin, he succeeded him at the chair of entomology at the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle.


In 1862 he succeeded Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire in the long-vacant chair of zoology.


Much of his original work was published in the Annales des sciences naturelles, with the editorship of which he was associated from 1834.


Of his books may be mentioned the Histoire naturelle des Crustacés (3 vols., 1837–1841), which long remained a standard work; Histoire naturelle des coralliaires, published in 1858–1860, but begun many years before; Leçons sur la physiologie et l'anatomie comparée de l'homme et des animaux (1857–1881), in 14 volumes; and a little work on the elements of zoology, originally published in 1834, but subsequently remodelled, which enjoyed an enormous circulation.


In 1842, he was elected a foreign member of the Royal Society.


The Royal Society in 1856 awarded him the Copley Medal in recognition of his zoological investigations.


His son, Alphonse Milne-Edwards (1835–1900), who became professor of ornithology at the museum in 1876, devoted himself especially to fossil birds and deep-sea exploration.