Carl Neuberg

Carl Neuberg

Carl Neuberg

Birth : (1877-07-29)29 July 1877 Hanover,Germany

Death : 30 May 1956(1956-05-30)(aged 78) New York City,United States

Personal Information

Name Carl Neuberg
Birth (1877-07-29)29 July 1877 Hanover,Germany
Birth Place Hanover,Germany
Death (1956-05-30)(aged 78) New York City,United States
Died At New York City,United States
Alma Mater University of Berlin
Fields Biochemistry

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Events Occured in Scienctist Life


Carl Alexander Neuberg (29 July 1877 – 30 May 1956) was an early pioneer in biochemistry, and he is often referred to as the "father of modern biochemistry".


Carl Sandel Neuberg was born on 29 July 1877 to a Jewish family in Hanover as the first child of Julius and Alma Neuberg.


In 1892 he moved with his parents to Berlin where he attended Friedrich-Werdersches Gymnasium.


After graduating school in 1896, he studied astronomy, but soon switched to chemistry to comply with his father's wishes for him to become a master of brewery.


On 21 May 1907, Neuberg married Franziska Helene (Hela) Lewinski, with whom he had two daughters, Irene Stephanie in 1908 and Marianne in 1911.


His wife died from leukemia on 24 March 1929 at the age of 45.


Neuberg was forced out of his job in 1934 under pressure from the Nazis.


Just before the outbreak of the Second World War, he left Germany to work for a while at the University of Amsterdam, then travelled to Palestine via France during the war, eventually leaving in 1940 to move to the United States to join his daughters who had already settled there.


He died on 30 May 1956 in New York after a prolonged illness.


Neuberg began his professional career working as an assistant in the physiological chemistry department of Charité in 1898 while he was still working on his doctoral thesis.


He gained his PhD in 1900 working on the chemistry of glyceraldehyde under the supervision of Alfred Wohl at the University of Berlin.


In 1903, Neuberg became a privatdozent, and in 1906 a professor at the University of Berlin.


Neuberg was the first editor of the journal Biochemische Zeitschrift he founded in 1906 which is now known as the FEBS Journal.


In 1913, Neuberg was invited to head the biochemistry section of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Experimental Therapy, the director of which was August von Wasserman.


Neuberg discovered in 1911 an enzyme "carboxylase" which catalyzed the decarboxylation of pyruvic acid.


Neuberg made a particularly important discovery in 1916: hydrotropy, a solubilization process where the addition of large amounts of a second solute causes an increase in the aqueous solubility of a different solute.


Due to his Jewish origin, Neuberg was forced by the Nazis to end his work at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Biochemistry in 1936 and he left Germany in 1937.


Neuberg moved to the United States in 1940, however due to his age, he was unable to find a paid academic position, and he worked as a consultant for industry.


On 5 Nov 1947, he received a medal from the American Society of European Chemists and Pharmacists.