Alexander Oparin

Alexander Oparin

Alexander Oparin

Birth : (1894-03-02)March 2, 1894 Uglich,Russian Empire

Death : April 21, 1980(1980-04-21)(agedĀ 86) Moscow,Russian SFSR,Soviet Union

Personal Information

Name Alexander Oparin
Birth (1894-03-02)March 2, 1894 Uglich,Russian Empire
Birth Place Uglich,Russian Empire
Death (1980-04-21)(agedĀ 86) Moscow,Russian SFSR,Soviet Union
Died At Moscow,Russian SFSR,Soviet Union
Nationality Soviet Union
Alma Mater Moscow State University
Fields Biochemistry
Institution Moscow State University USSR Academy of Sciences)
Famous Research Contributions to the theory of theorigin of life coacervates

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Events Occured in Scienctist Life


Born in Uglich in 1894, Oparin graduated from the Moscow State University in 1917 and became a professor of biochemistry there in 1927.


In 1924 he put forward a hypothesis suggesting that life on Earth developed through a gradual chemical evolution of carbon-based molecules in the Earth's primordial soup.


In 1935, along with academician Alexey Bakh, he founded the Biochemistry Institute of the Soviet Academy of Sciences.


In 1939, Oparin became a Corresponding Member of the Academy, and, in 1946, a full member.


In 1940s and 1950s he supported the theories of Trofim Lysenko and Olga Lepeshinskaya, who made claims about "the origin of cells from noncellular matter".


In 1970, he was elected President of the International Society for the Study of the Origins of Life.


He died in Moscow on April 21, 1980, and was interred in Novodevichy Cemetery in Moscow.


Oparin became Hero of Socialist Labour in 1969, received the Lenin Prize in 1974 and was awarded the Lomonosov Gold Medal in 1979 "for outstanding achievements in biochemistry".


In 1953, Stanley Miller attempted an experiment to investigate whether chemical self-organization could have been possible on pre-historic Earth.


The Origin of Life, 2nd ed., New York: Dover, 1953, reprinted in 2003, Google.